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bullet George II August King Of ENGLAND [ELECTOR OF HANNOVER] was born on 30 Oct 1683 in Herrenhausen, Hanover, Prussia. He died on 25 Oct 1760 in Kensington, Middlesex, England. Parents: George I (Georg Ludwig) King Of ENGLAND [ELECTOR OF HANNOVER] and Sofie Dorothea Princess Of BRUNSWICK.

He was married to Karoline (Wilhelmina) Margrave Princess Of BRANDENBURG [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] (22 AUG)02 SEP 1705 in Herrenhausen, Hanover, Prussia.

Children were: Frederick Lewis Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES].

He was married to Amalie Sophie Marianne Von WENDT [COUNTESS OF YARMOUTH] .

He was married to Henrietta HOBART [COUNTESS OF SUFFOLK].


bullet George III William Frederick Hanover King Of ENGLAND was born on 24 May 1738 in London, England. He died on 29 Jan 1820 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. Parents: Frederick Lewis Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES] and Auguste Princess Of SAXE-GOTHA.

He was married to Sofie Charlotte Princess Of MECKLENBURG STRELITZ on 8 Sep 1761. Children were: George IV King Of ENGLAND , William IV King Of ENGLAND, Edward Augustus Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF KENT].

He was married to Hannah LIGHTFOOT on 17 Apr 1759.


bulletGeorge IV King Of ENGLAND was born on 12 Aug 1762 in London, England. He died on 26 Jun 1830 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. Parents: George III William Frederick Hanover King Of ENGLAND and Sofie Charlotte Princess Of MECKLENBURG STRELITZ.

He was married to Maria FITZHERBERT on 15 Dec 1785 in London, England.

He was married to Mary Anne SMYTHE on 15 Dec 1785 in London, England.

He was married to Caroline Amelia Elizabeth Princess Of BRUNSWICK [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 8 Apr 1795 in London, England.

He was married to Elizabeth DENISON [MARCHIONESS OF CONYNGHAM] .

He was married to Mary DARBY.

He was married to Frances TWYSDEN [Countess of Jersey].

He was married to Isabella Ann Ingram SHEPHEARD [MARCHONESS OF HEREFORD].


bullet George V Frederick Ernest Albert King Of ENGLAND was born on 3 Jun 1865 in London, England. He died on 20 Jan 1936 in Sandringham, Norfolk, England. Parents: Edward VII (Albert) King Of ENGLAND [SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA] and Alexandra Caroline Marie Princess Of DENMARK [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

Children were: George VI King Of ENGLAND.


bulletGeorge VI King Of ENGLAND. Parents: George V Frederick Ernest Albert King Of ENGLAND.

Children were: Elizabeth II Queen Of ENGLAND.


bulletGundred Princess Of ENGLAND [Cts/Surrey] was born about 1063 in Normandy, France. She died on 27 May 1085 in Acre, Sussex, England. Parents: William "The Conqueror" King Of ENGLAND [Duke/Normandy] and Matilda Countess Of Flanders Queen Of ENGLAND.

She was married to William de WARREN (WARENNE) [Earl/Surrey] before 1077 in Normandy, France. Children were: William II de WARENNE (WARREN) Earl/Surrey , Reginald de WARREN, Edith de WARREN, Gundred de WARREN.


bullet Henry I King Of ENGLAND [Beauclerc] Photo was born in 1070 in Selby, Yorkshire, England. He died on 1 Dec 1135 in Saint Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France.
Henry I was the fourth and most capable son of William the Conqueror and Matilda, born 1068, and nicknamed "Beauclerc" (fine scholar) for his above average education. He married Eadgyth (who later took the name Matilda), daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland, who bore him two sons and a daughter. One son died very early, and the other, William, died in the wreck of the White Ship in November 1120, leaving the daughter, Matilda, as the sole heir. Eadgyth died in 1118, and Henry married Adelaide of Louvain, but the union produced no offspring. Henry also had two fairly significant illegitimate children - Robert de Mellent, Earl of Gloucester, and Sibylla, wife of the Scottish King Alexander I. Henry's was the longest reign of the Norman line, lasting thirty-five years.
The first years of Henry's reign were concerned with subduing Normandy. His father divided his kingdoms between Henry's older brothers, leaving England to William and Normandy to Robert. Henry inherited no land, but received £5000 in silver. He played both sides in his brothers' quarrel, leading both to distrust Henry, and sign a mutual accession treaty barring their brother from the crown. Henry's hope arose when Robert went on the First Crusade; should William die, Henry would be the obvious choice. Henry was in the woods hunting on the morning of William's death, August 2, 1100. He moved quickly and was crowned king on August 5, his coronation charter denouncing William's oppressive policies and promising good government. Robert returned to Normandy a few weeks later, but escaped final defeat until 1106, at the Battle of Tinchebrai. Robert was captured and lived the remaining twenty-eight years of his life as Henry's prisoner.
Henry was drawn into controversy with the Church over the lay investiture issue - the practice of selling clergy appoints by the king to gain revenue, heavily opposed by Gregorian reformers in the Church. He ignored the situation until he was threatened with excommunication by Pope Paschal II in 1105, reaching a compromise with the papacy: he would officially denounce lay investiture, but prelates were to continue to do homage for their fiefs. In practice, it changed little - the king still had the deciding voice in appointing ecclesiastical offices - but it a marked a point when kingship was viewed as purely secular, and subservient to the Church.
A solution to the lay investiture controversy and conquest of Normandy were accomplished in 1106, allowing Henry to expand his power. Henry mixed generosity with violence in motivating allegiance to the crown, appointing loyal and gifted men to administrative positions. Roger of Salisbury, the most famous of Henry's servants, was instrumental in organizing a department for collection of royal revenues, the Exchequer. The Exchequer quickly gained notoriety for sending out court officials to judge local financial disputes, weakening the feudal courts controlled by local lords, and won the title "Lion of Justice".
The final years of his reign were concentrated on war with France and succession concerns upon the death of his son William in 1120. The marriage to Adelaide was fruitless, leaving Matilda his only surviving legitimate heir. She was recalled to Henry's court in 1125 after the death of her husband, Emperor Henry V of Germany; Henry forced the barons to swear they would accept Matilda as Queen upon Henry's death. She was then forced to marry the sixteen-year-old Geoffrey of Anjou (founder of the Plantagent dynasty) in 1128 to continue the Angevin alliance. The marriage was unpopular with the Norman barons, but Matilda and Geoffrey produced a male heir, prompting Henry to force another oath from the barons in support of Matilda.
In summer 1135, Henry refused to give custody of certain key Norman castles to Geoffrey, as a show of good will, and the pair entered into war. Henry's life ended in this sorry state of affairs - war with his son-in-law - in December 1135.

Henry is our 27th Great Grandfather Parents: William "The Conqueror" King Of ENGLAND [Duke/Normandy] and Matilda Countess Of Flanders Queen Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Matilda "Atheling" Princess Of SCOTLAND on 11 Nov 1100 in London, England. Children were: Son Prince Of ENGLAND, Matilda (Maud) Empress Of GERMANY [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND] , William "Atheling" Prince Of ENGLAND , Richard Prince Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Isabel (Elizabeth) de BEAUMONT.

He was married to First Concubine. Children were: Robert Earl of GLOUCESTER.

He was married to Adeliza de BRABANT [Queen/England] on 24 Jan 1120/21 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.


bullet Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] Photo was born on 5 Mar 1133 in Le Mans, Sarthe, France. He died on 6 Jul 1189 in Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France.
Henry II was born in 1183, the son of Geoffrey Plantagenet , Count of Anjou, and Matilda, daughter of Henry I . He grew up in Anjou, but visited England as early as 1142 to defend his mother's claim to the disputed throne of Stephen ; educated by famous scholars, he had a true love of reading and intellectual discussion. Geoffrey of Anjou died in September 1151, leaving Normandy and Anjou to Henry. Henry's continental possessions more than doubled with his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitane, ex-wife of King Louis VII of France. After a succession agreement between Stephen and Matilda in 1153, he was crowned Henry II in October 1154. Eleanor bore Henry five sons and three daughters between 1153 and 1167; the relationship between Henry, Eleanor, and their sons Henry, Richard, and John proved to be tumultuous and treacherous. The empire ruled by Henry and his sons was considerably larger than the lone English island - the French Angevin positions extended from Normandy southward to the Pyrenees, covering the counties of Brittany, Maine, Poitou, Touraine, and Gascony, as well as Anjou, Aquitane, and Normandy. Henry was extremely energetic, and traveled quickly and extensively within the borders of his kingdom.
Henry revitalized the English Exchequer, issuing receipts for tax payments and keeping written accounts on rolled parchment. He replaced incompetent sheriffs, expanding the authority of royal courts, which brought more funds into his coffers. A body of common law emerged to replace feudal and county courts, which varied from place to place. Jury trials were initiated to end the old Germanic customary trials by ordeal or battle. Henry's systematic approach to law provided a common basis for development of royal institutions throughout the entire realm.
The process of strengthening the royal courts, however, yielded an unexpected controversy. Church courts, instituted by William the Conqueror , became a safe haven for criminals of varying degree and ability, for one in fifty of the English population qualified as clerics. Henry wished to transfer such cases to the royal courts, as the only punishment open to the Church courts was demotion of the cleric. Thomas Beckett, Henry's close friend and chancellor since 1155, was named Archbishop of Canterbury in June 1162. In an attempt to discredit claims that he was too closely tied to the king, he vehemently opposed the weakening of Church courts. Henry drove Beckett into exile from 1164-1170, when the Archbishop returned to England and greatly angered Henry over opposition to the coronation of Prince Henry. Exasperated, Henry publicly announced a half-hearted desire to be rid off Beckett - four ambitious knights took the king at his word and murdered Beckett in his own cathedral on December 29, 1170. Henry is perhaps best remembered for Beckett's murder, but, in fact, the realm was better off without the contentious Archbishop. Henry endured a rather limited storm of protest over the incident, but the real threat to his power came from within his own family.
Henry's sons - Henry the Young King, Richard, Geoffrey, and John - were never satisfied with any of their father's plans for dividing his lands and titles upon his death. The sons, at the encouragement (and sometimes because of the treatment) of their mother, rebelled against the king several times. Prince Henry, the only man ever to be crowned while his father still lived, wanted more than a royal title. Thus from 1193 to the end of his reign henry was plagued by his rebellious sons, who always found a willing partner in Louis VII of France. The death of Henry the Young King in 1183, and that of Geoffrey in 1186, gave no respite from his children's rebellion - Richard, with the assistance of Louis VII, attacked and defeated Henry, forcing him to accept a humiliating peace on July 4, 1189.
Henry II died two days later, on July 6, 1189. A few quotes from historic manuscripts shed a unique light on Henry , Eleanor, and their sons.
From Sir Winston Churchill Kt, 1675 : "Henry II Plantagenet, the very first of that name and race, and the very greatest King that England ever knew, but withal the most unfortunate ... his death being imputed to those only to whom himself had given life, his ungracious sons..."
From Sir Richard Baker, A Chronicle of the Kings of England : Concerning endowments of mind, he was of a spirit in the highest degree generous ... His custom was to be always in action; for which cause, if he had no real wars, he would have feigned ... To his children he was both indulgent and hard; for out of indulgence he caused his son henry to be crowned King in his own time; and out of hardness he caused his younger sons to rebel against him ... He married Eleanor, daughter of William Duke of Guienne, late wife of Lewis the Seventh of France. Some say King Lewis carried her into the Holy Land, where she carried herself not very holily, but led a licentious life; and, which is the worst kind of licentiousness, in carnal familiarity with a Turk."

Henry is our 25th Great Grandfather

Henry II is a central character in the movies "Becket" and "Lion in Winter" Parents: Geoffrey V "le Bon" PLANTAGENET [COUNT OF ANJOU] and Matilda (Maud) Empress Of GERMANY [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND].

He was married to Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 11 May 1152 in Bordeaux, Gironde, France. Children were: William Prince Of ENGLAND , Henry Prince Of ENGLAND, Matilda Princess Of ENGLAND [DUCHESS OF SAXONY AND BAVARIA], Richard I "Coeur De Lion", King Of ENGLAND, Geoffrey Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF BRITTANY], Philip Prince Of ENGLAND, Eleanor Princess Of ENGLAND [QUEEN OF CASTILE], Joanna Princess Of ENGLAND , John "Lackland" King Of ENGLAND.


bullet Henry III King Of ENGLAND Photo was born on 1 Oct 1206 in Winchester, Hampshire, England. He died on 16 Nov 1272 in London, England.
Henry III was the first son of John and Isabella of Angouleme, born in 1207. Age nine when he was crowned, Henry's early reign featured two regents: William the Marshall governed until his death in 1219, and Hugh de Burgh until Henry came to the throne in 1232. His education was provided by Peter des Roche, Bishop of Winchester. He married Eleanor of Provence in 1236, who bore him four sons and two daughters.
Henry inherited a troubled kingdom: London and most of the southeast was in the hands of the French Dauphin Louis and the northern regions were under control of rebellious barons - only the midland and southwest were loyal to the boy king. The barons, however, soon sided with Henry (their quarrel was with his father, not him), and the old Marshall expelled the French Dauphin from English soil by 1217.
Henry was a cultivated man, but a lousy politician. His court was inundated by Frenchmen and Italians who came at the behest of Eleanor, whose relations were handed important Church and state positions. His father and uncle left him an impoverished kingdom; Henry financed costly, fruitless wars with extortionate taxation. Inept diplomacy and failed war led Henry to sell his hereditary claims to all the Angevin possessions in France, save Gascony (which was held as a fief of the French crown) and Calais. Henry's failures incited hostilities among a group of barons led by his brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort. Henry was forced to agree to a wide ranging plan of reforms, the Provisions of Oxford. His later papal absolution from adhering to the Provisions prompted a baronial revolt in 1263, and Henry was summoned to the first Parliament, a gathering of two knights from every shire and county and a forerunner to the modern House of Commons. Parliament insisted that a council be imposed on the king to advise on policy decisions. He was prone to the infamous Plantagenet temper, but could also be sensitive and quite pious - ecclesiastical architecture reached its apex in Henry's reign.
The old king, after an extremely long reign of fifty-six years, died in 1272. He found no success in war, but opened up English culture to the cosmopolitanism of the continent. Although viewed as a failure as a politician, his reign defined the English monarchical position until the end of the fifteenth century: kingship limited by law - the repercussions of which influenced the English Civil War in the reign of Charles I , and extended into the nineteenth century queenship of Victoria .

Henry is our 23rd Great Grandfather Parents: John "Lackland" King Of ENGLAND and Isabella De TAILLEFER [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

He was married to Eleonore (Leonor) Countess Of PROVENCE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 14 Jan 1236 in Canterbury, Kent, England. Children were: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND, Margaret Queen Of SCOTLAND [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND], Beatrice Princess Of ENGLAND, Edmund "Crouchback" Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF LANCASTER], Richard Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF CORNWALL], John Prince Of ENGLAND , Catherine Princess Of ENGLAND, William Prince Of ENGLAND, Henry Prince Of ENGLAND .


bullet Henry IV King Of ENGLAND Parents: John "Of Gaunt" Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF LANCASTER] and Blanche PLANTAGENET [DUCHESS OF LANCASTER].

He was married to Mary De BOHUN [COUNTESS OF DERBY] after 30 Jul 1380 in Rochford, Essex, England.


bullet Henry Prince Of ENGLAND was born in 1267/68 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. He died about 14 Oct 1274. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Henry Prince Of ENGLAND was born about 1258 in London, England. Parents: Henry III King Of ENGLAND and Eleonore (Leonor) Countess Of PROVENCE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Henry Prince Of ENGLAND was born on 28 Mar 1155 in Bermondsey, Middlesex, England. He died on 11 Jun 1183 in Turenne, Correze, France. Parents: Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] and Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Henry Prince Of ENGLAND was born on 1 Jan 1511 in Richmond, Surrey, England. He died on 22 Feb 1511. Parents: Henry VIII King Of ENGLAND and Catalina (Catherine) Princess Of ARAGON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Henry VII King Of ENGLAND was born on 28 Jan 1457 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. He died on 21 Apr 1509 in Richmond, Surrey, England. Parents: Edmund TUDOR [Earl of Richmond] and Margaret BEAUFORT [DUCHESS OF SUFFOLK].

He was married to Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND in London, England. Children were: Arthur Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES], Margaret Queen Of Of SCOTLAND [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND], Henry VIII King Of ENGLAND, Mary Queen Of FRANCE [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND].


bullet Henry VIII King Of ENGLAND Photo was born on 28 Jun 1491 in Greenwich, Kent, England. He died on 28 Jan 1546/47 in London, England.
Henry VIII, born in 1491, was the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. The significance of Henry's reign is, at times, overshadowed by his six marriages: dispensing with these forthwith enables a deeper search into the major themes of the reign.
He married Catherine of Aragon (widow of his brother, Arthur) in 1509, divorcing her in 1533; the union produced one daughter, Mary . Henry married the pregnant Anne Boleyn in 1533; she gave him another daughter, Elizabeth , but was executed for infidelity (a treasonous charge in the king's consort) in May 1536. He married Jane Seymour by the end of the same month, who died giving birth to Henry's lone male heir, Edward , in October 1536.
Early in 1540, Henry arranged a marriage with Anne of Cleves, after viewing Hans Holbein's beautiful portrait of the German princess; in person, alas, Henry found her homely and the marriage was never consummated. In July 1540, he married the adulterous Catherine Howard - she was executed for infidelity in March 1542. Catherine Parr became his wife in 1543, providing for the needs of both Henry and his children until his death in 1547.
The court life initiated by his father evolved into a cornerstone of Tudor government in the reign of Henry VIII. After his father's staunch, stolid rule, the energetic, youthful, and handsome king avoided governing in person, much preferring to journey the countryside hunting and reviewing his subjects. Matters of state were left in the hands of others, most notably those of Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York. Cardinal Wolsey virtually ruled England until his failure to secure the papal annulment that Henry needed to marry Anne Boleyn in 1533. Wolsey was quite capable as Lord Chancellor, but his own interests were served more than that of the king: as powerful as he was, he still was subject to Henry's favor - losing Henry's confidence proved to be his downfall.
The early part of Henry's reign, however, saw the young king invade France, defeat Scottish forces at the Battle of Foldden Field (in which James IV of Scotland was slain), and write a treatise denouncing Martin Luther's Reformist ideals, for which the pope awarded Henry the title "Defender of the Faith".
The 1530's witnessed Henry's growing involvement in government, and a series of events which greatly altered England, as well as the whole of Western Christendom: the separation of the Church of England from Roman Catholicism. The separation was actually a by-product of Henry's obsession with producing a male heir; Catherine of Aragorn failed to produce a male, and the need to maintain dynastic legitimacy forced Henry to seek an annulment from the pope in order to marry Anne Boleyn. Wolsey tried repeatedly to secure a legal annulment from pope Clement VII, but Clement was beholden to the Charles V, Holy Roman emperor and nephew of Catherine. Henry summoned the Reformation Parliament in 1529, which passed 137 statutes in seven years, and exercised an influence in political and ecclesiastic affairs which was unknown to feudal parliaments. Religious reform movements had already taken hold in England, but on a small scale: the Lollards had been in existence since the mid-fourteenth century, and the ideas of Luther and Zwingli circulated within intellectual groups, but continental Protestantism had yet to find favor with the English people.
The break from Rome was accomplished through law, not social outcry; Henry, as Supreme Head of the Church of England, acknowledged this by slight alterations in worship ritual instead of a wholesale reworking of religious dogma. England moved into an era of "conformity of mind" with the new royal supremacy (much akin to the absolutism of France's Louis XIV): by 1536, all ecclesiastical and government officials were required to publicly approve of the break with Rome and take an oath of loyalty. The king moved away from the medieval idea of ruler as chief lawmaker and overseer of civil behavior, to the modern idea of ruler as the ideological icon of the state.
The remainder of Henry's reign was anticlimactic. Anne Boleyn lasted but three years before her execution; she was replaced by Jane Seymour, who laid Henry's dynastic problems to rest with the birth of Edward VI . Fragmented noble factions involved in the Wars of the Roses found themselves reduced to vying for the king's favor in court. Reformist factions won the king's confidence, and vastly benefiting from Henry's dissolution of the monasteries, as monastic lands and revenues went either to the crown or the nobility. The royal staff continued the rise in status that began under Henry VII , eventually to rival the power of the nobility.
Two men, in particular, were prominent figures through the latter stages of Henry's reign: Thomas Cromwell and Thomas Cranmer. Cromwell, an efficient administrator, succeeded Wolsey as Lord Chancellor, creating new governmental departments for the varying types of revenue and establishing parish priest's duty of recording births, baptisms, marriages, and deaths. Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, dealt with and guided changes in ecclesiastical policy and oversaw the dissolution of the monasteries.
Henry VIII built upon the innovations instituted by his father. The break with Rome, coupled with an increase in governmental bureaucracy, led to the royal supremacy that would last until the execution of Charles I and the establishment of the Commonwealth one hundred years after Henry's death.
Henry was beloved by his subjects, facing only one major insurrection, the Pilgrimage of Grace, enacted by the northernmost counties in retaliation to the break with Rome and the poor economic state of the region. History remembers Henry in much the same way as Piero Pasqualigo , a Venetian ambassador: "... he is in every respect a most accomplished prince."

Henry is our 4th Cousin (16 times removed) Parents: Henry VII King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Catalina (Catherine) Princess Of ARAGON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 11 Jun 1509 in Greenwich, Kent, England. He was divorced from Catalina (Catherine) Princess Of ARAGON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND]. Children were: Daughter Princess Of ENGLAND , Henry Prince Of ENGLAND, Son Prince Of ENGLAND, Son Prince Of ENGLAND , Son Prince Of ENGLAND, Mary Tudor I Queen Of ENGLAND AND SPAIN [QUEEN OF SICILY &NAPLES], Daughter Princess Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Anne BOLEYN [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 25 Jan 1532 in London, England. He was divorced from Anne BOLEYN [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] in 1533.

He was married to Jane SEYMOUR [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 30 May 1536.

He was married to Anna Princess Of KLEVE on 6 Jan 1539 in Greenwich, Kent, England. He was divorced from Anna Princess Of KLEVE in 1540.

He was married to Catherine HOWARD on 8 Aug 1540.

He was married to Catherine PARR [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 12 Jul 1543 in Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, England.


bulletIsabel Princess Of ENGLAND was born about 1274 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] .


bullet Isabel Princess Of ENGLAND was born on 16 Jun 1332 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England. She died before 4 May 1379 in Newgate, Middlesex, England. Parents: Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Countess Of HAINAULT & HOLLAND [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to Enguerrand VII De COUCY on 27 Jul 1365 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.


bullet Isabel Princess Of ENGLAND [EMPRESS OF GERMANY] was born in 1214 in Winchester, Hampshire, England. She died on 1 Dec 1241 in Foggia, Apulia, Italy. Parents: John "Lackland" King Of ENGLAND and Isabella De TAILLEFER [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet James I King Of ENGLAND [JAMES VI KING OF SCOTLAND] was born on 19 Jun 1566 in Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland. He died on 27 Mar 1625 in Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England. Parents: Henry STEWART [DUKE OF ALBANY] and Mary Stuart Queen Of SCOTLAND.

He was married to Anne Princess Of DENMARK [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 20 Aug 1589 in Kronborg Palace, Saint Marie, Frederiksberg, Denmark. Children were: Elizabeth, Princess Of ENGLAND [ELECTRESS OF PALATINE] , Charles I King Of ENGLAND.


bullet Joan "of Acre" Princess Of ENGLAND [COUNTESS GLOUCESTER AND HERTFORD] was born in 1272 in Akko, Hazafon, Israel. She died on 23 Apr 1307 in Clare, Suffolk, England. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Joan Princess Of ENGLAND was born in Jul 1321 in London, England. She died on 7 Sep 1362 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. Parents: Edward II King Of ENGLAND and Isabelle Princess Of FRANCE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to David II King Of SCOTLAND on 17 Jul 1328 in Berwick, Northumberland, England.


bullet Joan Princess Of ENGLAND was born in 1265 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] .


bullet Joan Princess Of ENGLAND was born in Feb 1334/35 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England. She died on 2 Sep 1348. Parents: Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Countess Of HAINAULT & HOLLAND [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Joane Princess Of ENGLAND [QUEEN OF SCOTLAND] was born on 22 Jul 1210 in Coucy, Alsne, France. She died on 4 Mar 1237/38 in London, England. Parents: John "Lackland" King Of ENGLAND and Isabella De TAILLEFER [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Joanna Princess Of ENGLAND was born in Oct 1164/65 in Angers, Anjou, France. She died on 4 Sep 1199 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France. Parents: Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] and Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet John ENGLAND

Children were: Elizabeth ENGLAND.


bulletJohn "Lackland" King Of ENGLAND Photo was born on 24 Dec 1166 in Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. He died on 19 Oct 1216 in Newark, Nottinghamshire, England.
John was born on Christmas Eve 1167, the youngest son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitane. His parents drifted apart after his birth, and his youth was divided between his eldest brother's house where he learned the art of knighthood, and the house of his father's justiciar, Ranulf Glanvil, where he learned the business of government. As the fourth child, inherited lands were not available to him, giving rise to his nickname, Lackland. His first marriage, to Isabel of Gloucester, lasted but ten years and was fruitless; Isabella of Angouleme, his second wife, bore him two sons ( Henry and Richard) and three daughters (Joan, Isabella, and Eleanor). He also had an illegitimate daughter, also named Joan, who married Llywelyn the Great, Ruler of All Wales , from which the Tudor line of monarchs was descended.
The Angevin family feuds left quite a mark on John - he proved his betrayal to both his father and his brother Richard . He and Richard clashed in 1184 when the elder refused to turn Aquitane over to the younger brother, as dictated by Henry II. The following year Henry sent John to rule Ireland, but John alienated the native Irish and the transplanted Anglo-Normans who emigrated to carve out new lordships for themselves; the experiment was a total failure, and John returned home within six months. Richard, after acceding to the throne in 1189, gave John vast estates to appease his younger brother, but to no avail. He tried to overthrow Richard's administrators during the German captivity, but failed. He conspired with Philip II in another attempt, which again failed. Upon Richard's release in 1194, John was forced to sue for pardon, and spent the next five years in his brother's shadow, staying out of trouble long enough to be named heir to the crown.
John's reign was full of trouble. A quarrel with the Church resulted in England being placed under an interdict in 1207, with John excommunicated two years later. The dispute, centered around John's refusal to install the papal candidate, Stephen Langdon, as Archbishop of Canterbury, and was not resolved until John surrendered to the wishes of Innocent III, one of the greatest medieval popes.
A succession dispute with his nephew, Arthur of Brittany, ultimately resulted in the loss French territories, as the king's French vassals preferred Arthur. By Spring 1205, John had crossed the Channel back into England as the last of his French possessions fell out of his hands. From 1206 to the end of his reign, John was preoccupied with regaining these territories, levying a number of new taxes upon the landed barons to pay for his campaigns. This would have been satisfactory had John been winning battles, but he was continually trounced by the French. The discontented rebel barons revolted, capturing London in May 1215. In June, at Runnymeade, John met with the barons and signed the Magna Carta, a feudal rights document stressing three points: 1) the Church was free to make its own appointments, 2) no more than the normal amounts of money could be collected to run the government, unless the king's feudal tenants gave their content, and 3) no freeman was to be punished except in concert with the common law. This document proved to be the forerunner of modern constitutions. John signed the document as a means of buying time, and failed to keep his word. The nobility called for French assistance, and John died in the midst of an invasion.
John was remembered in elegant fashion by Sir Richard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England : "...his works of piety were very many ... as far his actions, he neither came to the crown by justice, nor held it with any honour, nor left it peace." John's treacherous nature was the cause of the greatest loss of English continental territory until Hundred Years' War (1337-1453).

John is our 24th Great Grandfather

He is a major character in the movie "Lion in Winter" Parents: Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] and Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] .

He was married to Isabella De TAILLEFER [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on 26 Aug 1200 in Bordeaux, Gironde, France. Children were: Henry III King Of ENGLAND, Richard Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF CORNWALL], Joane Princess Of ENGLAND [QUEEN OF SCOTLAND], Isabel Princess Of ENGLAND [EMPRESS OF GERMANY], Eleanor Princess Of ENGLAND.


bullet John "Of Gaunt" Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF LANCASTER] was born in Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flandre-Orientale, Belgium. He died on 3 Feb 1398/99 in Leicester, Leicestershire, England.
Duke of Lancaster, born in Ghent, Belgium, the fourth son of Edward III, and ancestor of Henry IV, V, and VI. In 1359 he married his cousin, Blanche of Lancaster, and was created duke in 1362. After her death (1369), he married Constance, the daughter of Pedro the Cruel of Castile, and assumed the title of King of Castile, though he failed by his expeditions to oust his rival, Henry of Trastamare. In England he became highly influential as a peacemaker during the troubled reign of Richard II. He was made Duke of Aquitaine by Richard (1390), and sent on several embassies to France. On his second wife's death (1394) he married his mistress, Catherine Swynford, by whom he had three sons; from the eldest descended Henry VII.

See Shakespeare Play Richard II
Parents: Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Countess Of HAINAULT & HOLLAND [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

He was married to Blanche PLANTAGENET [DUCHESS OF LANCASTER] on 19 May 1359 in Reading, Berkshire, England. Children were: Henry IV King Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Constanza Perez Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [DUCHESS OF LANCASTER] in Rochefort-sur-Mer, Charente-Maritime, France.

He was married to Marie De SAINT HILAIRE.

He was married to Catherine De ROET [DUCHESS OF LANCASTER] in Sep 1371 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. Children were: John "Fairborn" BEAUFORT [MARQUESS OF SOMERSET, K.G.], Blanche BEAUFORT, Joan De BEAUFORT [COUNTESS OF WESTMORLAND], Henry "Cardinal" BEAUFORT [BISHOP OF LINCOLN], Thomas BEAUFORT [DUKE OF EXETER].


bullet John Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF BEDFORD]

He was married to Jacquette De LUXEMBOURG [DUCHESS OF BEDFORD] on 20 Apr 1433 in Therouenne, Pas-De-Calais, France.


bullet John Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF KENT] was born on 7 Apr 1330 in Arundel, Sussex, England. Parents: Edmund "of Woodstock" Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF KENT] and Margaret "the Maiden" ERIKSDATTER QUEEN OF SCOTLAND.

He was married to Elizabeth Princess Of JULICH [COUNTESS OF KENT] on 3 Apr 1358 in Papal Dispensation.


bullet John Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF CORNWALL] was born on 15 Aug 1315 in Eltham, Kent, England. He died on 14 Sep 1336. Parents: Edward II King Of ENGLAND and Isabelle Princess Of FRANCE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet John Prince Of ENGLAND was born on 10 Jul 1266 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. He died on 1 Aug 1272. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet John Prince Of ENGLAND was born about 1250 in London, England. He died before 1256 in London, England. Parents: Henry III King Of ENGLAND and Eleonore (Leonor) Countess Of PROVENCE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Juliana Or Katherine Princess Of ENGLAND was born in 1271 in Akko, Hazafon, Israel. She died in 1271 in Akko, Hazafon, Israel. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Lionel "of Antwerp" Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF CLARENCE] was born on 29 Nov 1338 in Antwerp, Belgium. He died on 17 Oct 1368 in Alba, Cuneo, Italy. Parents: Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Countess Of HAINAULT & HOLLAND [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

He was married to Elizabeth De BURGH [DUCHESS OF CLARENCE] in London, England. Children were: Philippa PLANTAGENET [COUNTESS OF MARCH].

He was married to Violanta VISCONTI [DUCHESS OF CLARENCE] in 1368 in Milan, Italy.


bullet Margaret Princess Of ENGLAND was born on 11 Sep 1275 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. She died in 1318. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Margaret Princess Of ENGLAND was born on 20 Jul 1346 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. She died after 1 Oct 1361. Parents: Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Countess Of HAINAULT & HOLLAND [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to John De HASTINGS [EARL OF PEMBROKE] in 1359 in Reading, Berkshire, England.


bullet Margaret Princess of ENGLAND was born in 1059 in Normandy, France. She died before 1112. Parents: William "The Conqueror" King Of ENGLAND [Duke/Normandy] and Matilda Countess Of Flanders Queen Of ENGLAND.


bullet Mary Princess Of ENGLAND was born on 11 Mar 1278 in Windsor, Berkshire, England. She died before 22 Jul 1332. Parents: Edward I "Longshanks" King Of ENGLAND and Leonor Princess Of CASTILE AND LEON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Mary Princess Of ENGLAND was born on 10 Oct 1344 in Stortford, Herefordshire, England. She died in 1361/62. Parents: Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Countess Of HAINAULT & HOLLAND [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to Jean V Duke Of BRITTANY in 1361 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England.


bullet Matilda Countess Of Flanders Queen Of ENGLAND was born about 1031 in Flanders, Belgium. She died on 2 Nov 1083 in Caen, Calvados, France. Parents: Baudouin V (Baldwin) Count/Flanders and Adale Princess Of FRANCE.

She was married to William "The Conqueror" King Of ENGLAND [Duke/Normandy] in 1050 in Normandy, France. Children were: Robert II Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF NORMANDY], Richard Prince Of ENGLAND, Cecilia Princess Of ENGLAND, William II "Rufus" King Of ENGLAND, Alice Or Adelaide de NORMANDY , Margaret Princess of ENGLAND, Constance Princess Of ENGLAND, Adela (Alice) Princess Of ENGLAND [COUNTESS OF BLOIS], Gundred Princess Of ENGLAND [Cts/Surrey], Agatha Princess Of ENGLAND , Anna Princess of ENGLAND, Henry I King Of ENGLAND [Beauclerc].


bullet Matilda Princess Of ENGLAND [DUCHESS OF SAXONY AND BAVARIA] was born in 1156 in London, England. She died on 28 Jun 1189 in Brunswick, Germany. Parents: Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] and Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Maud De Blois Princess Of ENGLAND was born in 1131 in Blois, Loir-Et-Cher, France. She died about 1136/37 in London, England. Parents: Stephen (Etienne) King Of ENGLAND and Mathilde I Countess De BOULOGNE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Mr ENGLAND


bulletMr ENGLAND .


bulletPhilip Prince Of ENGLAND was born about 1160 in England. He died between 1160 and 1162. Parents: Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] and Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].


bullet Richard I "Coeur De Lion", King Of ENGLAND was born on 13 Sep 1157 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. He died on 6 Apr 1199 in Chalus, Haute-Vienne, France. Parents: Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of ENGLAND [FITZEMPRESS] and Eleanor Princess Of AQUITAINE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

He was married to Berengaria Princess Of NAVARRE on 12 May 1191 in Limassol, Cyprus.


bullet Richard II King Of ENGLAND Parents: Edward "The Black" Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES] and Joan "Fair Maid Of Kent" Princess Of WALES [COUNTESS OF KENT].


bullet Richard Prince Of ENGLAND [EARL OF CAMBRIDGE] was born about Sep 1376 in Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, England. He died on 5 Aug 1415 in Southampton, Hampshire, England. Parents: Edmund "of Langley" Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF YORK] and Isabel PEREZ PRINCESS OF CASTILE AND LEON.

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